Dr. S A Pandit

Senior Researcher

Divecha Centre for Climate Change
Indian Institute of Science,

Email: panditsa@iisc.ac.in

Tel: +91-80-2293-3425


Ph.D, Geology:Uranium Mineralization 1961, Bangalore University.

M.Sc., Geology,,1970, Bangalore University.

B.Sc., Physics & Geology,1968,Bangalore University.

Professional Training
  • BARC/ DAE Training Program in Solid State Nuclear Track Detectors – 1976
  • Time Management Training Program from Birla Institute, Mumbai / Pilani – 1978
  • Survey of India (SOI), Govt. of India Training on Signals in GPS Program – 1980
  • Project Management Training Program from Birla Institute, Mumbai / Pilani – 1982
  • Geophysical Instrumentation, Radar Systems in Deserts – Centre for Arid Zone Research, Jodhpur– 1984
  • Geochemistry and Radiochemistry of Uranium and its estimation using CIRUS reactor, BARC - 1986
  • Direct Trainer Skills - Thames’s valley University-United Kingdom, through department of Personnel and Training. Government of India-2001
National Awards/Recognition:
  • National Mineral Award 2001 – For the discovery of Uranium deposits in Gogi, Gulbarga district, Karnataka – Ministry of Mines, Govt. of India
  • S. Narayanaswami Award from Geological Society of India for contributions to Economic Geology, 1998
  • Adjudicated as Best Paper ‘Uranium Mineralization in Tummalapalli area, Cuddapah district, Andhra Pradesh’ from International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Vienna, 2006
1. Radhakrishna B. P and Achuta Pandit, S. 1972 On the occurrence of native copper in Deccan traps Jour. Geol. Soc. India vol.13. p. 283-285.
2. Radhakrishna B. P and Achuta Pandit, S. 1973 Copper mineralization in the ultrabasic complex of Nuggihalli, Hassan district, Mysore State.
3. Achuta Pandit, S 1973 Mineragraphic study of titaniferous magnetite and associated Sulphide minerals from Tagadur, Hassan dist., Karnataka. Indian Mineralogist, vol.14, p. 80-81.
4. A.K. Pande S.A. Pandit K.V. Naveetham G.R. Narayan Das 1980 Sandstone type uranium occurrences in the Siwaliks of Naugajiya - Shakumabri area, Sahranpur dist., U.P. Proc. second sym. of Indian Institute of Sedimentalogy, Varanasi.
5. R.V. Viswanath M.K. Roy S.A. Pandit G.R. Narayan Das 1988 Uranium mineralization in the quartz pebble conglomerates of Dharwar Super group, Karnataka. 3Mem. No.9, Geol. Soc. India, p.33-42.
6. R.V.Viswanath J.C.Nagabhushana R.M.Sinha K. Mahendra Kumar S.A.Pandit S.G.Vasudeva G.R.Narayan Das 1988 Uranium mineralization in the arenites of Chitradurga Group Karnataka Mem.No.9, Geol. Soc. India, p. 43-54.
7. S.P. Balakrishna S.A. Pandit H.N. Vardaraju 1988 A note on some of the trace elements in the quartz pebble conglomerate of the Bababudan Group, Karnataka. Mem.No.9, Geol. Soc. India, p.109-114.
8. G.R.Narayan Das R.V.Viswanath S.A.Pandit 1988 Uranium bearing quartz pebble conglomerate, Mem.No.9, Geol. Soc. India, p.33-42.
9 S.G. Vasudeva R.M. Sinha H.N. Vardaraju S.A. Pandit 1989 Uraniferous quartz pebble conglomerate in the Archean greenstone terrains of southern Karnataka, India Exploration criteria. International geological congress, Washington D.C.
10 S.A. Pandit 1991 "Sampling" in drilling and ore reserve estimation in uranium exploration. International Atomic Energy Agency, Regional training course in drilling and ore reserve estimation, Hyderabad. January 1991.
11 S.A. Pandit J.K. Patnaik M. Vasudeva Rao 1994 Kaladgi basin - A possible first order target for uranium exploration in the Proterozoic of India Proc. group discussion on “First Order Uranium exploration in the Proterozoic of India" Jan.28-29, Hyderabad. p.33-34.
12. C.L. Bhairam K.S. Mishra S.A.Pandit,H.N. Varadaraju 1995 Fracture controlled uranium mineralization in the granitic gneisses around Kauri- Kalmangudi area, Thirthahallitaluk, Shimoga district, Karnataka India.
13 S.A. Pandit 1995 Radon emanometry - Principle technique and applications Expl. for Atomic Minerals Pt. 1, Pub. AMD, p.107-120.
14 S.A. Pandit 1996 Classification of uranium deposits Expl. For Atomic Minerals, Pt. 2, Pub. AMD, p.1-13.
15 U.P. Sharma R. GajapathiRao S.A. Pandit Mary K. Kumar 1998 A note on uranium mineralization in the Neoproterozoic calcite phosphorite from Ramtirth, Bhima basin, Gulbarga district, Karnataka. Curr. Science vol.75, No.4, p.357-358.
16 U.P. Sharma Arjun Panda S.A. Pandit G.R.Gangadharan Minati Roy 1998 Proterozoic stratabounddolostone hosted uranium mineralization in the Komanutula - Reddypalle area, Cuddapah basin, Anantapur district, Andhra Pradesh, India. Expl. And Res. For Atomic Minerals EARFAM vol. ii, p.45-53.
17 K.K. Achar S.A. Pandit V.Natarajan Mary K. Kumar 1998 Pub. Proc. IAEA. tech. com. Meetings on Recent developments in uranium resources production and demand Vienna, Australia.
18 B.M. Swarnkar R. Dhanaraju S.A. Pandit 1998 Eastern Dharwar Craton - A potential uranium province Nat. Sym. on Precambrian metallogenesis University of Mysore, Metallogeny of Precambrian.
19 S.A. Pandit Mir Azam Ali B.M. Swarnkar D.C. Banerjee 1999 Geology and uranium mineralisation in the Neoproterozoic Bhima basin and its environs. Geo. Soc. of India, p.45-47.
20 S.A. Pandit V. Natarajan G. Bhat R. Dhanaraju B.M. Swarnkar D.C. Banerjee 1999 Neoproterozoic Bhima basin as a potential target for uranium exploration - a case study from Gogi area, Gulbarga district, Karnataka, India. Geo. Soc. of India p.56-58.
21 G.R. Gangadharan K.K. Achar S.A. Pandit B.M. Swarnkar Jagmer Singh 1999 Target selection for uranium exploration through geological remote sensing - a case study from the Bhima basin and environs, South India, Geo. Soc. of India, p.47-53.
22 R. Dhanaraju Mary K. Kumar E.V.S.S.K. Babu S.A. Pandit 1999 Uranium mineralisation in the Neoproterozoic Bhima basin and its environs - an overview. Geo. Soc. of India, p.45-47.
23 J.K. Dash Shankar Mishra B. Narasima Rao S.A. Pandit 1999 Geophysical appraisal for uranium exploration in Gogi area, SE margin of Bhima basin, Gulbarga district, Karnataka. Paper presented in National Symposium on Integrated evaluation of Kaladgi- Bhima basin, Geol. Soc. of India, October 1999.
24 V.S.Kale Shilpa Patil Pillai A.V. Jeyaprakash S.A. Pandit R.H. Sawkar 1999 Field workshop on integrated evaluation of the Kaladgi and Bhima basins. Spl. Publication Geo. Soc. of India, pp.1-74.
25 S.A. Pandit 2001 Uranium Mineralisation in the Neoproterozoic Bhima Basin, Gulbarga Dist., Karnataka, India - Geology and Exploration. Ph. D. Thesis submitted to University of Bangalore.
26 Dhanaraju, R Mary, K.K. Babu, E.V.S.S.K. Pandit, S.A. 2002 Uranium Mineralisation in Neoproterozoic Bhima Basin at Gogi and near Ukkinal: An Ore Petrological Study, Jr. Geo. Soc. India. v.-59, p.299-321.
27 Pandit,S.A Natarajan, V. Dhana Raju, R. 2002 Exploration for Uranium ion the Bhima Basin in parts of Karnataka, India, EARFAM, v.-14, p.-59-78.
28 Pandit,S.A 2002 Uranium occurrences in the Quartz Pebble Conglomerate in Karnataka, EARFAM, v.-14, p.131-146.
29 D.Veerabhaskar, S.A. Pandit, Mir Azam Ali 2003 Geological and Structural Favorability for Uranium Exploration in the Proterozoic Kaladgi - Badami and Bhima Basins and underlying basement crystallines, Karnataka, India.
30 Pandit, S.A Dhana Raju, R. 2004 Role of Hydrogeochemical Survey in Exploration for Uranium: A case study from the Bhima Basin, Karnataka, Jour. Appl. Geochemistry, v-6, No.2, p.221- 227
31 Pandit, S.A Krishnamoorthy, P. Pant, P.C. 2005 Geology and structure of Uranium mineralisation: A contrast between Singhbhum and Dharwar Cratons, Spl. Report. on IGCP-453. Modern and Ancient Orogens.
32 Pandit, S.A. Dhanaraju R. 2006 Modeling of Gogi Hydrothermal-type Uranium deposit in the Neoproterozoic Bhima basin, Southern India. Paper presented to Prof. B.S. Paliwal Vol. Ed. Dr. K.L. Shrivastava, Jodhpur University, Rajasthan.
33 Rengarajan M., Hanumanthappa D., Mahendra Kumar, Rai A.K., Pandit, S.A. 2006 Note on uranium mineralization in late Proterozoic Banganapalle Quartzite near Nagayapalle- Pagadalapalle, Cuddapah district, A.P.
34 Pandit, S.A. 2007 Chemical Analytical Techniques - Applications in Uranium Exploration in India. Pro. National Symp. AICQOM, Bangalore. p.6-9.
35 Usha Nathan, Balaji B.K. Satyanarayana, K. Pandit S.A. 2007 A simple and rapid selective leaching technique for the determination of uranium and Sulphide, Sulphur in the borehole samples of Gogi village, Gulbarga district, Karnataka, India. Pro. National Symp. AICQOM, Bangalore. p.131-134.
36 Himadri Basu, Kusum Prakash, Mahendra Kumar, Tirupathi P.V., Pandit S.A., Chaki A. 2007 Chloritization and its bearing on uranium mineralization in Gulcheru Quartzites in Gandi- Madyalabodu area, Cuddapah District, A.P. (Submitted to Mineralium Deposit).
37 Pandit S.A., Himadri Basu, Saravanan, B., Harikrishna, T., Mahendra Kumar, Bhagat Sangeeta, Rai A.K. 2007 Banganapalle Formation in the SW part of Cuddapah Basin– A new target for possible unconformity related uranium mineralization.
38 Pandit S.A. 2007 Geochemical approach to challenges in mineral exploration and development. Abst. Vol. Nat. Symp. on Applied Geochem. Of Energy Resources and Precious Metals. Hyderabad.
39 Pandit S.A. 2007 QPC and other important types of uranium occurrences in India. Abstract vol. Indian Nuclear Society Annual Conference, Hyderabad.
40 Basu H., Rajagopalan V. Pandit S.A., Chaki A. 2008 Chemical Characterization of Pitchblende associated with the Gulcheru Formation in Gandi-Madyalabodu area, Cuddapah dist. A.P. Abst. Vol. National Symp. Geochem. (GSI-AMD), Hyderabad, p.91-92.
41 Pandey B.K., Natarajan Veenakrishna and V. Pandit S.A. 2008 U-Pb and Sm-Nd isotopic studies on uraniferous brecciated limestone from Bhima basin: Evidence for a Mesoproterozic Umineralization in southern Peninsular India. A.P. Abst. Vol. National Symp. Geochem. (GSIAMD), Hyderabad, p.24-25.
42 Sen J., Murugan C., Dwivedi A.K., Bhatt A.K., Babu P.V.R., Pandit S.A. India. A.P. 2008 Geochemistry of A-type Kuilapal Granite from N Singhbhum Mobile Belt, Eastern Abst. Vol. National Symp. Geochem. (GSI-AMD), Hyderabad,p.49-50.
43 Sarbjna C., Sharma G.V.G. Rajagopalan V., Pandit S.A., Maithani P.B. 2008 Large Ion Litho (LIL) and High Field Strength (HFS) geochemistry of selected Uranium and Rare Metal Bearing Granitoids in parts of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka, India. A.P. Abst. Vol. National Symp. Geochem. (GSIAMD), Hyderabad, p.50-51.
44 Pandit. S. A & Dhanaraju. R. 2009 An Ore-genetic model for the Gogi Hydrothermal-Type Uranium Deposit in the Neoproterozoic Bhima Basin, Southern India, Economic Mineralization, Scientific Publishers (India), Jodhpur, pp.94-104, Ed: K.L. Shrivastava
45 Pandit. S. A, Muralidharan and Lokesh K N 2009 Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology- The Concepts of Geology, Uranium Exploration and Mining for Nuclear Technologists - Board of Research in Nuclear Sciences, Mumbai. Publication – NITK, Suratkal, pp. 1-90
46 Pandit. S. Anand et al 2010 Standard Protocol for Pre-operational Environmental surveillance around nuclear Facilities – BARC – Health, Safety and Environment Group. Publication – BRNS / TECDOC – 001
47 Ajay Kumar, S.N.S. Birua, Dheeraj Pande, A.R. Nath, P.V. Ramesh Babu and S.A. Pandit 2009 Radioactive quartz-pebble conglomerates from western margin of Bonai granite pluton, Sundargarh district, Orissa- A New Find. Journal of Geological Society of India, v.73, No.4, pp.537-542.
48 Swarnakar B.M., Dhana Raju.R., Pandit S.A. And Umamaheswar K. 1998 Eastern Dharwar craton as a potential uranium province. Extended Abstract, Ind. Miner., v. 32 (1), pp. 90-91
Honours in the Standing Council

Scientific Board Member of the International Geoscience Program (IGCP) – International Union for Geological Sciences (IUGS) , Geneva for the block Year 2008 -2011.

Expert Committee Member of Nuclear Reactor & Fuel Cycle Committee (NRFCC) of Board of Research in Nuclear Sciences (BRNS), 2003 - 2013

Member of Council of Management for Atomic Minerals Division, Govt. of India, 2003 – 2008

Member of Apex Research Council, Atomic Minerals Division, Govt. of India, 2003 – 2008.

AMD representative for several Technical/management board meetings of GSI, NGRI and DAE units like UCIL, NFC etc.2003-2008

AMD representative in State Geological Programing Board (SGPB) of Karnataka, Orissa, Jharkhand, West Bengal, etc. 2003-2008

Member of “Emergency Response cell’ for nuclear material transportation of Department Atomic Energy.

Membership of Professional Institutions & Bodies:

Life Fellow of Geological Society of India.

Life Fellow of Mineralogical Society of India.

Fellow of Indian Nuclear Society

Life Fellow of Indian Institute of Advanced Geochemistry

Fellow of Indian society for Analytical scientists.

Fellow of Association of Sedimentologists.


35+ years of work experience in the field of Uranium Geology and Exploration in various geological domains of India

Designation Grade Area of Work Period Nature of Work
Additional Director (R&D) SO-SH All India 2006-08/td> Augmentation of Nuclear Fuels and other Atomic Minerals for Indian Nuclear Energy Program
Regional Director, Southern Region SO-SG Karnataka, AP, TN, Goa, Kerala 2004-06 Planning and guiding mineral exploration projects in different Geological domains of the region
Regional Director, Eastern Region SO-SG West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand, Orissa, Andaman & Nicobar 2003-04 Planning and guiding mineral exploration projects in different Geological domains of the region
Deputy Regional Director, Eastern Region SO-SG West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand, Orissa, Andaman & Nicobar 2002-03 Assisting Regional Director in Planning and guiding mineral exploration projects in different Geological domains of the region
Project Manager, Uranium Exploration SO-SF Karnataka, AP, TN, Maharashtra 1992- 2000 Supervision of integrated exploration activities and responsible for completion within stipulated timeframe
Project coordinator SO-SE MP, Maharashtra, Karnataka, AP, Goa 1986-92 Execution of various exploration techniques for different case studies
Resident Geologist SO-SD HP, UP, MP, Karnataka 1980-86 Implementation of Specific Project Activities including exploratory mining
Scientific Officer SO-SC Haryana, HP, Punjab, J&K, Delhi 1974-80 Carrying out basic exploration activities including reconnaissance ground radiometric survey and hydro geochemical sampling

Some of the important Geological domains in which work was carried out –

Sandstone Type: Siwaliks of Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Haryana.

Vein Type: Kulu Himalayas, Himachal Pradesh, Ladakh Himalayas, Jammu & Kashmir Himalayas, Central India Shear Zone of Madhya Pradesh & Chattisgarh.

QPC Type: Karnataka and Singhbhum Craton.

Unconformity (fracture bound) Type: Bhima and Kaladgi-Badami Basins, Karnataka.

Carbonate Hosted: Cuddapah Basin, Andhra Pradesh.

Experience in Teaching & Training:

Conducted IAEA Theoretical & Practical Training Program including field visits for Professional Geologists from China, Iran, Iraq, Indonesia, Malaysia, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, South Korea, Vietnam - 1991

Theoretical & Practical Training in exploration for specific case studies conducted for Geologists and Geophysicists from Syria, Vietnam and Cuba. 1996 – 2000.

In-house training program for scientists and technical personnel of various disciplines like Geology, Physics, Chemistry, Geophysics. 1990 – 1994

Internal Guide for Ph.D. candidates from Benaras Hindu University, Varanasi and Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad. 2003-2007

Training programs for trainers in Geology and various exploration techniques. 1992-1994

Work Experience as professional geologist outside India:

Planning and execution of Geological Exploration Programs for identifying mineral deposits related to Nuclear energy programs such as Uranium, Thorium, Columbium, Tantalum, Beryl, Titanium, Zirconium, Rare earth elements (REE) etc. In addition, exploration for other mineral deposits like Gold, Copper, Base Metals, Bismuth, Tin was also undertaken in the following countries –

Country Mineral Deposit Explored
Tanzania Uranium, Gold,
Uganda Bismuth, Gold, Columbium, Tantalum
Zambia Gold, Copper, Columbium, Tantalum,
Malawi Uranium, Rare Earth Elements, Zirconium
South Africa Gold, Uranium, REE, Diamond, Zirconium, Titanium
Namibia Gold, Uranium, REE, Diamond, Zirconium, Columbium, Tantalum
Rwanda Columbium, Tantalum, Tin

Also, as a consulting geologist advised Private companies like GMR, Adhunik Metaliks, Neepaaz, Buddha minning, Geomin, etc. in Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Angola, Zimbabwe, Kenya, Burundi, Mozambique, South Sudan, Botswana for selecting first order target areas for mineral exploration

Attended several meetings as Indian representative of AMD/DAE in IAEA, Vienna, Austria.

Attended Organization for Economic & Cooperation Development (OECD) meetings Indian representative of AMD/DAE Paris, France.

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