Ramaswamiah Srinivasan

Visiting Professor

Divecha Centre for Climate Change
Indian Institute of Science,

Email: srinimalu@gmail.com

Tel: +91-80-2293-3426


B.Sc, 1961, Mysore University.

M.Sc, 1963,Geology, Mysore Univesrsity, India.

Ph.D,1988, Precambrian Geology,Mysore University, India.


1963: :
Demonstrator in Geology, Central College, Bangalore,Mysore University. ( Taught B.Sc and M.Sc, courses)

1963-64 :
Assistant Geologist, Department of Mines and Geology, Government of Karnataka. (Mapped cement and flux grade limestones in the Proterozoic Kaladgi basin).

1964-65 :
CSIR Research Fellow (Researched on the Geology of Kolar Gold Field)

1965-1968 :
Research Associate, Central College, Bangalore University, Teaching – cum-research position. Taught B.Sc and M.Sc classes at Central College; researches on Archean Dharwar sequence in the area of Sedimentation and Tectonics).

1968-1973 :
Lecturer, Mysore University, Mysore and UGC Book writing Fellow, (Taught B.Sc and M.Sc. courses; Researches on sedimentation, tectonics and geochemistry of ultramafic, mafic volcanic rocks and sedimentary rocks; interpretation of satellite imageries; prepared draft copy of the book on Physical Geology).

1973-1986 :
Consulting Geologist, Geomysore Services, Bangalore (Prospecting investigations on chromite, iron, manganese, bauxite, kaolin and commercial granite deposits; preparation of project reports for mineral based industries; geotechnical investigations for dam sites and tunnel alignments. Also conducted soil investigations for earthen dam of the Kudremukh Iron Ore Project along with scientists from the Canadian Met-Chem corporation; investigations for development of ground water resources for rural and urban water supply in the hard-rock terrain of Karnataka under the Ganga-Kalyana scheme of the Government of Karnataka; investigations on ground water pollution by urban sewage and industrial effluents etc. Wrote more than hundred professional reports. Important clients were Mysore Minerals Ltd., Government of Karnataka; Public works Department of Government of Karnataka, Marubeni Corporation, Japan; Tata Exports Ltd., Mumbai; Canadian Met Chem Corp., USA., etc)

1986-2003 :
Scientist, National Geophysical Research Institute of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Government of India. (Researches on structure, sedimentation, geochemistry, geochronology, radiogenic heat production, and heat flow in the Archean Dharwar craton; geochemistry of the Proterozoic Aravalli, Kaladgi and Cuddapah basin rock formations; drilling investigations in epicentral region of intracontinental earthquake areas of Killari and Koyna areas in the Deccan Trap region of southern India. Published about 100 research papers in national and International journals. Outside India carried out field studies in Minnesota State, USA; Karelia and Kola Peninsula of the then USSR, now Russia; participated in field excursions in Canada, Western Australia, and Ceylon).

2003-2013 :
Technical Advisor, Geomysore Services (India) Pvt.Ltd a subsidiary of the Australian Indian Resources Pty Ltd., (Preparation of exploration reports on gold prospecting in the Karnataka, Andhra, Madhya Pradesh states of India; platinum occurrences in Karnataka and Tamil Nadu ; Basemetal deposits in Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan; sampling for tin (cassiterite) bearing sands in Orissa and of heavy mineral sands of Kerla coast, study of tectonic setting of kimberlites in southern India, study of thermal springs in Maharashtra State and in the Kulu-Manali region of Himalaya. Organising and conducting of training courses for exploration geologists in Geomysore Services India Pvt.Ltd; Preparation of letters for the Chairman of the Company on policy matters related to mineral industry, participation in meetings with Federation of Mining Industries, State and Central Geological Programming Boards. More than 150 reports and documents prepared).

2013-2016 :
INSA- Senior Scientist,Documented unmistakable evidences for 2700 Ma glacial deposits in the Archean Dharwar sequence. This glaciation event is the second oldest glaciation event recorded so far in the Earth History. The 2700 Ma glaciation event could have global significance, because such rocks have been found in Botswana of south Africa and Stillwater area of Montana , USA. India was near the pole Ca 2700 Ma.

2016 – 2017:
RASS Research Associate, Indian Institute of Science:Have been working on pre-Pleistocene glacial deposits of India, carrying out U-Pb geochronological and paleomagnetic work ( With Sarangi,ISM and Maibam Bidyananda, Manipur University) . Also working on BIF and carbonate sedimentation constraints from Sr and Nd isotopic systematics with Prof. Balakrishnan, Pondicherry University

2018 till present:
Visiting Professor,Divecha Centre for Climate Change, IISc,While continuing my work which is mentioned under my activity as Research associate, I have worked on Archaean atmospheric density as verified from fossil rain drop imprints. Have initiated a programme on Geogenic Polutants of groundwater in south Asian Countries. First brain storming session will be held in the DCC on this aspect in June 20-21, 2018.

  1. Swain, S.K., Sarangi,S., Srinivasan,R., Sarkar,A., Kesarwani,M. and Mazumdar, A., 2018, Stable isotope (C-O-S) and geochemical studies of auriferous quartz-carbonate veins, Neoarchaean orogenic Ajjanhalli and Gadag Gold Fields, Chitradurga Schist belt, Dharwar craton, southern India: Implication for source of gold mineralizing fluids, Ore Geology Reviews, 95,pp.456-479
  2. Bidyananda, M., Gerdes,A., Srinivasan,R and Goswami, J.N., 2017, U-Pb and Lu-Hf ystematics of zircons from sargur metasediments , Dharwar craton, southern India: new insights on the provenance and crustal evolution, Curr.Sci., 113, pp.1394-14402
  3. Swain SK, Sarangi S, Srinivasan R, Sarkar A, Bhattacharya S, Patel SC, Pasayat RM, Sawkar , R.H (2015), Isotope (C and O) composition of auriferous quartz carbonate veins, Central Lode System, Gadag Gold Field, Dharwar Craton, India: Implications to source of ore fluids. Ore Geology Review,70, 305-320.
  4. Subrata Das Sharma and R. Srinivasan, (2015), Stable isotope evidence for ca. 2.7-Ga-old Archean cap carbonates from the Dharwar Supergroup, southern India, Curr.Sci., Vol. 108, pp. 2223-2229.
  5. Ojakangas, R.W., Srinivasan, R., Hegde,V.S., Chandrakant, S.M. and Srikantia, S.V., (2014) The Talya conglomerate: an Archean (~2.7Ga) glaciomarine formation, Western Dharwar Craton, Southern India, Curr. Sci., Vol.106, pp. 387-396
  6. Sarangi S, Srinivasan R, Balaram V(2013) REE characteristics of Auriferous Quartz Veins of Archaean Orogenic gold deposits, Chitradurga Schist Belt, Dharwar Craton. Geoscience Frontiers V.4,pp 231-239.
  7. Sarangi, S, Sarkar, A, Srinivasan, R. and Patel, S.C. (2012) Carbon Isotope studies of auriferous Quartz Carbonate Veins from two Orogenic gold deposits from the Neoarchean Chitradurga Schist Belt, Dharwar Craton, India: evidence for mantle /magmatic source of auriferous fluid. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences V. 52 pp. 1–11.
  8. Maibam,B., Goswami,J.N. and Srinivasan, R., 2011, Pb-Pb zircon ages of Archean metasediments from the Dharwar craton, southern India: implications for the antiquity of the eastern Dharwar craton, Jour.Earth System Sci., Vol.120, pp.643-661.
  9. Ray Labani, Roy.S. and Srinivasan,R., 2008, High radiogenic heat production in Kerala Khondalite block, southern granulite province, Intl.Jour.Geology, (Geol.Rundsch.) doi: 10.1007/s 00531-007-0278-8.
  10. Roy,S., Ray Labani, Bhattacharya, A and Srinivasan,R., 2008, Heat flow and crustal thermal structure in the late Archean Closepet Granite batholith, Intl.Jour.Geol., (Geologische Rundsh), doi;10.1007/s00531-007-0239.
  11. Sukanta Roy and R. Srinivasan, 2008, Heat flow studies in India, Indian National Report to IUGS 2003-2007.
  12. G. Parthasarathy, R. Srinivasan, G.D. Mukherjee, G. Bansal, Ashok Chatterjee, (2007).Thermal Expansion study of a uvarovite rich garnet. International Journal of Modern Physics B.21-1915-1922
  13. Halls,H., Kumar, A., Srinivasan,R and Hamilton,M.A., 2007, Paleomagnetism and U-Pb geochronology of easterly trending dykes in the Dharwar craton, India: feldspar clouding,radiating dyke swarms and position of India at 2.37 Ga, Precambrian Res., Vol.155,pp.47-68.
  14. G. Parthasarathy, A.C. Kunwar, R.Srinivasan : 2006, Amygdaloidal minerals in Deccan Traps of Killari area, Mahrashtra India.: Their Geochemical implications. Geological Survey of India publication on Group Discussion on Deccan Volcanism. pp 29-36.
  15. L. B. Tiwari, C. J. Jahagirdar, V. D. Deshpande, R. Srinivasan and G. Parthasarathy, 2005, Weathering impact on the colour of building stones of the ‘Gateway of India’ monument, Environmental Geology, Vol.48, pp.788-794
  16. Ray,L., Senthil Kumar, P.,Reddy,G.K., Sukanta Roy,Rao,G.V., Srinivasan,R. and Rao,R.U.M., 2003, High mantle heat flow in the Precambrian granulite province : Evidence from south India, Jour.Geophys.Res., vol.108, (B2), 13p
  17. Rao, R.U.M.,Roy,Sukanta and Srinivasan,R., 2003, Heat flow researches in India: Results and perspectives, Memoir Geol.Soc.India, Vol.53, pp.347-351.
  18. Senthil Kumar, P., Basavalingu,B.. and Srinivasan,R., 2003, Origin of the Closepet Granite in the light of fabric, mineralogy and radioelemental composition, Memoir Geol.Soc.India, Vol.52, PP. 229-254.
  19. Roy Sukanta, Ray Labani, Kumar Senthil,P.,Reddy,G.K. and Srinivasan, R., 2003, Heat flow and heat production in the Precambrian gneiss-granulite province of southern India, Mem.Geol.Soc.India, Vol.52, pp. 179-192.
  20. Mukhopadhyay, D, Senthil Kumar,P. Srinivasan, R. and Bhattachrya,T., 2005, Nature of the Palaghat-Cauvery lineament in the region south of Namakkal, Tamil Nadu: Implications for terrane assembly in the south Indian granulite province. Mem.Geol.Soc.India, Vol.52, pp. 279- 295.
  21. G. Parthasarathy, B.M. Choudary, B. Sreedhar, A.C. Kunwar, and R. Srinivasan, 2003, Ferrous saponite from the Deccan Trap, India, and its application in adsorption and reduction of hexavalent chromium. American Mineralogist, 88 ,1983-1988.
  22. H.K. Gupta, R. Srinivasan, R.U.M.Rao, G.V.Rao, GK.Reddy, S.Roy, S.H. Jafri,A.M.Dayal, J. Zachariah, G.Parthasarathy, G.V.S.P.Rao, T.N. Gowd, S.V.Srirama Rao, K.K.Dwivedy, D.C.Banerjee, R.Mohanty, Y.R.Satyasaradhi, V.J.Katti, A.R.Prasad, G.G.K.Ramanujam,P.R.Reddy, M.Shukla. 2003, Borehole investigations in the surface rupture zone of the 1993 Latur SCR earthquake, Maharashtra, India: Overview of Results. Earth quakes studies in Peninsular India. Ed. HK Gupta and GD Gupta. Geological Society of India, Memoir 54, pp 1-22.
  23. Kumar, P. S., and Srinivasan, R., 2002, Fertility of Late Archaean basement granite in the vicinity of U-mineralized Neoproterozoic Bhima basin, peninsular India: Current Science, v. 82, p. 571-575.
  24. P.S. Kumar, G.Parthasarathy, S. D. Sharma, R. Srinivasan. , P. Krishnamurthy 2001, Mineralogical and Geochemical study on carbonate veins of the Salem-Attur Fault Zone, Southern India: evidence for Carbonatitic affinity. Jour. Geol. Soc. India. 58, 15-26
  25. G.Parthasarathy, A.C. Kunwar, and R.Srinivasan. 2001, Occurrence of moganite-rich chalcedony from the Deccan flood basalts, Killari, Maharashtra, India. European Journal Mineralogy. 13 , 127-134.
  26. Sreenivas,B., Roy, A.B. and Srinivasan,R., 2001, Geochemistry of sericite deposits at the base of the Proterozoic Aravalli Supergroup, Rajasthan, India: Evidence for metamorphosed and metasomatised Precambrian paleosol. Proc.Indian Acad. Sci., (Earth and Planetary Sci.), Vol.100, pp.39-61
  27. Gupta,H.K., Rao,R.U.M., Srinivasan,R., Rao, G.V., Dwivedy,K.K., Banerjee,D.C., Mohanty,R., and Satyasaradhi,Y.R., 2001, 1993 Latur Earthquake: Evidence in subsurface lava flows of the surface rupture zone for fault reactivation: In Research highlights in Earth System Science, DST spl.Vol.2 on Seismicity (Ed.O.P.Verma), Indian Geological Congress, pp.181-184.
  28. Mukhopadhyay,D., Srinivasan,R., Senthil Kumar,P., Bhattacharya,T and Sen Gupta,P., 2001, Archean – Neoproterozoic terrane boundary in the south Indian granulite belt in East Gondwana, Gondwana Res., Vol.4, pp.711-712.
  29. Rao,R.U.M.,Srinivasan,R., Sukanta Roy, Reddy,G.K., Rao,G.V., Labani Ray and Senthil Kumar,P., 2001, Geothermal regime and radioelemental distribution in the southern granulite province, south India. Deep Continental Studies (DCS) in India, News letter, DST., Vol.11, (2), pp.7-10.
  30. Mukhopadhyay,D., Senthil Kumar,P., Srinivasan,R., Bhattacharya,T., and Sengupta,P., 2001, Tectonics of the eastern sector of the Palghat Cauvery lineament near Namakkal, Tamil Nadu, Deep Continental Studies (DCS) New Letter, DST., Vol.11(1), pp.9-13.
  31. Sreenivas,B., Das Sharma,S., Kumar,B., Patil,D.J., Roy,A.B and Srinivasan, R., 2001, Positive delta 13C excusrsion in carbonate and organic fractions from the Paleoproterozoic Aravalli Supergroup, Northwestern India, Precambrian Res., Vol.106, pp.277-290.
  32. Bhaskar Rao,Y.J., Anil Kumar, Vrevsky,A.B., Srinivasan,R. and Anantha Iyer,G.V., 2000, Sm-Nd ages of two meta-anorthosite complexes around Holenarasipur : Constraints on antiquity of Archean crustal rocks of the Dharwar craton, Proc.Indian Acad.Sci., (Earth and Planetary Sci.), Vol.109, pp.57-65.
  33. Srinivasan,R., 2000, Precambrian Stratigraphy in “ Significant contributions to Geoscience Research in India during the Nineties- A Status Report”, (Ed. M.S. Srinivasan), INSA, New Delhi, pp. 105-126.
  34. Rao,R.U.M., Srinivasan,R., Reddy,G.K., Sukanta Roy., Labani Ray and Senthil Kumar,P., 1999, Geothermal regime and radioelemental distribution in southern granulite province, Deep Continental Studies - DST News Letter, pp.14-15.
  35. Zachariah,J.K., Bhaskar Rao,Y.J., Srinivasan,R. and Gopalan,K., 1999, Pb, Sr, Nd isotope systematics of uranium mineralized stromatolitic dolomites from the Proterozoic Cuddapah Supergroup, south India: constraints on age and Provenance, Chem.Geol., Vol.162, pp.49-64.
  36. Gupta, H.K., Rao, R.U.M., Srinivasan,R., Rao,G.V., Reddy,G.K., Dwivedy,K.K., Banerjee,D.C., Mohanty,R. and Sathyasaradhi, Y.R., 1999, Anatomy of surface rupture zones of two stable continental region earthquakes, 1967 Koyna and 1993 Latur, India, Geophys.Res.Lett., 1985-1988.
  37. Sambasiva Rao, V.V., Sreenivas,B., Balaram,V., Govil,P.K., and Srinivasan,R., 1999, The nature of Archean upper crust as revealed by the geochemistry of the Proterozoic shales of the Kaladgi basin, Karnataka, southern India, Precambrian Res., Vol.98, pp.53-65.
  38. Sreenivas,B., Srinivasan,R and Roy,A.B., 1999, Geochemical changes across the Archean-Proterozoic boundary- a study from the Udaipur area of Aravalli Mountain Belt, Rajasthan, India, in (Kataria,P. Ed.), Geology of Rajasthan- Status and Perspectives, Geology Department, MSU University, Udaipur, pp.57-86.
  39. G. Parthasarathy, V. Balaram and R. Srinivasan. 1999. Characterization of green garnets from an Archean calc-silicate rock, Bandihalli, Karnataka, India: Evidence for a continous solid-solution between uvarovite and grandite. J. Asian Earth Sciences 17, 345-352.
  40. G. Parthasarathy, R. Srinivasan, M. Vairamani, K. Ravikumar and A.C. Kunwar 1998, Occurrence of natural fullerenes in low-grade metamorphosed Proterozoic shungite from Karelia, Russia. Geochim. Cosmochim.Acta. 62, 3541-3544.
  41. Srinivasan,R., Jaffri, S.H., Rao,G.V. and Reddy, G.K., 1998, Phreatomagmatic eruptive centers from the Deccan Trap Province, Jabalpur, Central India, Curr. Sci., 74, 787-790.
  42. Naha,K., Srinivasan,R., and Deb. D.K., 1997, Structural geometry of the early Precambrian terrane south of Coimbatore in the “Palghat Gap”, southern India, Proc.Indian Acad. Sci ., (Earth and Planet Sci.), Vol.106, pp.237-247.
  43. Srinivasan,R., Pantulu,G.V.C., and Gopalan, K., 1997, Rare earth element geochemistry and Rb-Sr geochronology of the Archean stromatolitic cherts of the Dharwar craton, south India., Proc.Indian Acad.Sci., (Earth and Planetary Sci.), Vol.106, pp., 369-377.
  44. Hanuma Prasad,M., Krishna Rao,B., Vasudev,V.N. and Srinivasan,R. and Balaram,V., 1997, Geochemistry of bimodal volcanic rocks of the Sandur supracrustal belt, Dharwar craton, southern India, Jour.Geol.Soc.India, Vol.49, pp.307-322.
  45. Naha,K., Srinivasan,R., and Mukhopadhyay,D., 1996, Structural studies and their bearing on the early Precambrian history of the Dharwar tectonic province, southern India, Proc.Indian Acad.Sci., (Earth and Planet Sci.), Vol.105, pp. 379-412.
  46. Naha, K. and Srinivasan,R., 1996, Nature of the Moyar-Bhavani shear zone, with a note on its implication on the tectonics of the southern Indian shield., Proc.Indian Acad.Sci., (Earth and Planet.Sci.), Vol.105,pp. 173-189.
  47. Srinivasan,R. and Naha,K., 1996, Apropos of the Sargur Group in the early Precambrian Dharwar tectonic province, southern India, In A.K.Saha (Ed)., Recent Researches in Geology and Geophysics of the Precambrians, Recent Researches in Geology, Vol.16, pp. 43-48.
  48. Naha,K., Rai Chaudhuri,A., Ranjan,V. And Srinivasan,R., 1995, Superposed folding in the Honakere arm of the Chitradurga-Karighatta belt in the Dharwar tectonic province, southern India and its bearing on the Dharwar-Sargur relation. Proc.Indian Acad.Sci., (Earth and Planet.Sci.), Vol.104., pp.327-348.
  49. Das Sharma,S., Patil., D.J., Srinivasan,R. and Gopalan,K., 1994, Very high δ18O enrichment in the Archean chert of south India: implications for Archean ocean temperature, Terra Nova, Vol.6, pp. 385-390.
  50. Das Sharma,S., Srinivasan,R., Ahmad,S.M., and Patil,D.J., 1994, Carbon and oxygen isotopic composition of the regionally metamorphosed Archean carbonate rocks of the Dharwar craton- Apreliminary appraisal, Curr.Sci., Vol.66, pp.857-860.
  51. Sreenivas,B. and Srinivasan,R., 1994, Identification of paleosols in the Precambrian metapelitic assemblages of Peninsular India- a major element geochemical approach, Curr.Sci., Vol.67, pp. 89-94.
  52. Sreenivas,B., Balaram,V., and Srinivasan,R., 1994, Trace and rare earth element contamination during routine preparation of sample powders for geochemical studies, Indian Jour.Geol., Vol.66, pp.296-304.
  53. Naha,K., Srinivasan,R., Gopalan,K., Pantulu,G.V.C., Subba Rao, M.V., Vrevsky,A.B., and Bogomolov,Ye.S., 1993, The nature of the basement in the Archean Dharwar craton of southern India and the age of the Peninsular Gneiss, Proc.Indian Acad. Sci. (Earth and Planet.Sci.),Vol.102, pp.1-19.
  54. Srinivasan,R., Naha,K., Bhaskar Rao,Y.J., Vrevsky, A.B., Rybakov,S.I., Golubev,A.I., and Efimov,M., 1993, Middle to Late Archean geology of the Eastern Baltic shield, with a note on its similarity and contrast with the Archean of southern India. Proc.Indian Acad.of Sci., (Earth and Planet.Sci.), Vol.102, pp. 567-585.
  55. Srinivasan,R. and Naha,K., 1993, Archean sedimentation in the Dharwarcraton, southern India, Proc.National Acad. Sci.India, Vol.63, pp.1-13.
  56. Naha, K., Srinivasan, R., and Jayaram, S., 1993, Structural relations of charnockites of the Archean Dharwar craton, southern India, Jour.Metamorphic Geology, Vol.11, pp. 889-895.
  57. Srinivasan, R., Naha, K., Bhaskar Rao, Y.J., Vrevsky, A.B., Rybakov,S.I., Golubev,A.I., 1992, Archean greenstone belts of the Eastern Baltic and the southern Indian shields- a comparative study, Curr.Sci., Vol.62, pp.741-744.
  58. Srinivasan,R., Suubba Rao,D.V., Pantulu,G.V.C., Sivaraman,T.V., Balaram,V., and Gopalan, K., 1992, Negative europium anomalies and reset Rb-Sr ages of Archean detrital metasedimentary rocks of the low-grade supracrustal belts of the Dharwar craton, south India, in Proceedings of the International Symposium, Perth Australia, Eds. Glover, J.E., and Ho, S.E., The Archean- Terrains, Processes and Metallogeny, The University of Western Australia, Publ.22, pp.295-304.
  59. Anil Kumar, Srinivasan,R., Gopalan,K. And Patil, D.J., 1992, A reappraisal of an Archean carbonatite of the Nellore schist belt, South India, Jour.Geol.Soc.India, Vol.40, pp.169-174.
  60. Naha, K., Srinivasan,R., and Jayaram,S., 1991, Sedimentational, structural and migmatitic history of the Archean Dharwar tectonic province, southern India, Proc. Indian Acad.Sci., (Earth and Planet.Sci.), Vol.100, pp.399-412.
  61. Bhaskar Rao, Y.J., Naha,K., Srinivasan,R. and Gopalan, K., 1991, Geology,geochemistry and geochronology of the Archean Peninsular Gneiss around Gorur, Hassan District., Karnataka, Proc.Indian Acad.Sci., (Earth and Planet.Sci.), Vol.100, pp.399-412.
  62. Naha, K., Srinivasan, R. and Jayaram, S., 1990, Structural evolution of Peninsular Gneiss – an early Precambrian migmatitic complex from southern India, Geologische Rundschau, Band 79, pp.99-109.
  63. Venkatachala,B.S., Shukla,M., Sharma,M., Naqvi, S.M., Srinivasan,R. and Uday Raj, B., 1990, Archean microbiota from the Donimali Formation, Dharwar Supergroup, India, Precambrian.Res., Vol.47, pp.27-34.
  64. Srinivasan, R., Naqvi, S.M. and Vasantha Kumar, B., 1990, Archean shelf facies and stromatolite proliferation in the Dharwar Supergroup, North Kanara District, Karnataka, Jour.Geol.Soc.India, Vol.35, pp.202-212.
  65. Srinivasan,R. and Naqvi, S.M., 1990, Some distinctive trends in the evolution of the Early Precambrian (Archean) Dharwar craton, In “Precambrian Continental Crust and its Economic resources” , Elsevier, pp. 245-266.
  66. Srinivasan,R., Shukla, M., Naqvi, S.M., Yadav, V.K., Venkatachala, B.S., Uday Raj, B., and Subba Rao, D.V., 1989, Archean stromatolites from the Chitradurga schist belt, Dharwar craton, south India, Precambrian Res., Vol.43, pp. 239-250.
  67. Srinivasan, R., Naqvi, S.M., Uday Raj, B., Subba Rao, D.V., Balaram, V., and Gnaneswara rao, T., 1989, Geochemistry of the Archean greywackes from the northern part of the Chitradurga schist belt, Dharwar craton, south India – Evidence for granitoid upper crust in the Archean, Jour.Geol.Soc.India, pp. 505-516.
  68. Venkatachala, B.S., Naqvi, S.M., Chandra, M.S., Shukla, M., Srinivasan, R., Kumar,B., Mathur, R., Blaram, V., Natarajan, R., Sharma, M., Uday Raj, B., Subba Rao, D.V., Manikyamba, C., Krishna Murthy, B.S.S., and Bansal, R., 1989, Paleobiology and geochemistry of Precambrian stromatolites and associated sedimentary rocks from the Dharwar craton: Constraints on Archean biogenic processes, In Proc. Indo-Soviet Symposium on Stromatolites and Stromatolitic Deposits, Himalayan Geology, Vol.13, pp.1-20.
  69. Naha, K. and Srinivasan, R., 1988, Structure of the Kandavadi fold and its bearing on the basement problem in the Archean Dharwar craton, Indian J.Earth Sci., Vol.15, pp.290-305.
  70. Srinivasan,R., 1988, Present status of the Sargur Group of the Archean Dharwar craton, south India, Indian Jour.Geol., Vol.60, pp.57-62.
  71. Sofonov, Yu.G., Genkin, A.D., Vasudev, V.N., Krishna Rao, B., and Srinivasan, R., 1988, Problems of ore gold potential of the Karnataka craton, in Kolar Schist belt Monograph, Nauka USSR, pp. 27-31 (in Russian)
  72. Safonov, Yu.G., Vasudev, V.N. and Srinivasan, R., 1988, The main features of the Karnata Craton geology in Kolar schist belt, Monograph, Nauka USSR, pp. 206-216 (in Russian).
  73. Venkatachala, B.S., Sharma,M., Srinivasan,R., Shukla, M., and Naqvi, S.M., 1986, Bacteria from the Archean banded iron formation of Kudremukh region, Dharwar craton, south India, The Paleobotanist, Vol.35, pp.200-203.
  74. Naha, K., Srinivasan,R. and Naqvi, S.M., 1986, Structural unity in the Precambrian Dharwar tectonic province, Jour.Geol.Min.Met.Soc.India, Vol.58, pp.219-243.
  75. Srinivasan, R., and Ojakangas, R.W., 1986, Sedimentology of quartz pebble conglomerates and quartzites of the Bababudan Group, Dharwar craton, south India, Jour.Geol., Vol.94, pp. 199-214.
  76. Pichauthu, C.S. and Srinivasan, R., 1984, The Dharwar Craton, Perspective Report Series, Indian Natl. Sci.Academy, No.7, pp.1-34.
  77. Pichamuthu, C.S. and Srinivasan, R., 1983, A billion year history of the Dharwar craton, Geol.Soc.India Memoir, No.4, pp. 226-235.
  78. Krishna Rao, B., Srinivasan, R., Sreenivas, B.L. and Ramachandra, B.L., 1982, Mode of occurrence and origin of the manganese ores of Shimoga District, Karnataka, Jour.Geol.Soc. India, Vol.23, pp. 226-235.
  79. Pichamuthu, C.S., Srinivasan,R., Fareeduddin and Bhaskar, A.A., 1981, Archean crustal thickness of greenstone-granite belts of south India, Proc.Indian Acad.Sci., Earth and Planet Sci., Vol.90, pp. 217-226.
  80. Fareedundin, Bhaskar,A.A. and Srinivasan,R., 1981, Dacite pebbles from the Hoskere-Gurusiddapura Conglomerate, Dharwar Supergroup, Karnataka, Curr.Sci., Vol.50, pp.365-367.
  81. Vasudev,V.N. and Srinivasan, R., 1979, Vanadium bearing titaniferous magnetite deposits of Karnataka, India, Jour.Geol.Soc.India, Vol.20, pp.170-178.
  82. Sambe Gowda, S. and Srinivasan,R., 1979, History of the concepts of Precambrian Geology as applied to Mysore area of India, in (Eds., Kupsch W.D. and Sarjeant, W.A.S.,) History of concepts of Precambrian Geology , Geol.Assoc.Canada, Spl.Paper,19, pp.81-204.
  83. Vasudev,V.N. and Srinivasan,R., 1978, Pillow breccias from the Precambrian metabasalts of the Chitradurga greenstone belt, Karnataka, Curr.Sci., Vol.47, pp. 903-904.
  84. Srinivasan, R. and Sreenivas, B.L., 1977, Some new geological features from the LANDSAT imagery of Karnataka, Jour.Geol.Soc.India, Vol.18, pp.589-597.
  85. Srinivasan,R., Sreenivas,B.L. and Krishna Rao, B., 1976, Evolution of Peninsular Gneiss: Restraints, Reasons and Reflections, Jour.Geol.Soc.India, Vol.17, pp. 94-96.
  86. Srinivasan,R. and Sreenivas, B.L., 1975, A reappraisal of some aspects of the geology of Dharwars of Mysore State, India. Misc.Publ.Geol.Surv.India, No.23, Pt.1, pp.49-70.
  87. Srinivasan,R. and Sreenivas, B.L., 1975, Pre-Dharwar rock formations of Karnataka, Indian Mineralogist, Vol.16, pp. 76-88.
  88. Srinivasan,R. and Sreenivas, B.L., 1975, Komatiite dykes from Dodkanya, Mysore District, Karnataka State, India, Jour.Geol.Soc.India,Vol.16, pp.508-512.
  89. Sreenivas, B.L. and Srinivasan,R., 1974, Geochemistry of the granite-greenstone terrain of south India, J.Geol.Soc.India, Vol.15, pp.390-406.
  90. Srinivasan,R., and Sreenivas, B.L., 1974, Fracture studies and their significance for ground water development in the hard rock terrain of Karnataka. Proc.Seminar on Water well Drilling in Hard-Rock areas of India, Geol.Soc.India, pp.195-204.
  91. Srinivasan,R. and Tareen, J.A.K., 1972, Andalusite from Hospet area, Sandur schist belt. Mysore State, Indian Mineralogist, Vol.13, pp.42-45.
  92. Srinivasan,R. and Sreenivas, B.L., 1972, Dharwar Stratigraphy, Jour.Geol.Soc.India, Vol.13, pp.75-85.
  93. Srinivasan, R. and Sreenivas, B.L., 1971, Flood basalts from the Dharwars of Mysore, Bull.Volcanologique, Tome 35, pp.824-840.
  94. Srinivasan,R. and Sreenivas, B.L., 1969, Migmatization studies in the Pensinsular Gneiss of Bangalore, Indian Mineralogist, Vol.10, pp.282-288.
  95. Srinivasan,R and Sreenivas, B.L., 1969, Relict plagioclases from the Kolar Gold Field amphibolites, Bull.Geol.Soc.India, Vol.6, pp.98-102.
  96. Srinivasan, R and Sreenivas, B.L., 1968, Sedimentation and tectonics in Dharwar (Archean) of Mysore State, India, Indian Mineralogist, Vol.9, pp.47-58.
  97. Sreenivas, B.L. and Srinivasan, R., 1968 , Dharwar conglomerates of Mysore – a restudy, Jour.Geol.Soc.India, Vol.9, pp.197-205.
  98. Sreenivas, B.L. and Srinivasan, R., 1968, Tectonic significance of pillow lavas, Mysore, India, Bull. Geol.Soc.India, Vol.5, pp.56-58.
Research activities

Working on finding out reasons for Archean glaciation in India

Working on stable isotope and REE geochemistry of auriferous quartz carbonate veins. Have worked on this aspect on two deposits ( Ajjanhalli and G.R. Halli) in Karnataka so far which show that gold bearing hydrothermal solutions were derived from the mantle. Investigations on other gold prospects in Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh are in progress.

Have acquired new SHRIMP Zircon U-Pb ages on the felsic volcanics of the Dharwar Supergroup. The data suggest support the views of myself and late Prof. Naha that the Eastern and western Dharwar craton have correlatable rocks and evolved as a single terrane. They are not two terranes sutured as postulated by some other workers.

Have begun detailed isotopic investigation on iron, manganese and limestone deposits of the Dharwar craton in collaboration with Pondicherry university to examine evidences of Archean life/biological activity and its role in giving rise to large iron and manganese deposits in the Archean. It was generally believed that Archaean iron formations are hydrothermal. Studies in progress show that there are both hydrothermal and hydrogenous. Their precipitation is mediate by bacterial photosynthesis.

Other academic activities :

Served as Chief Editor, Current Science till January 2018 and continuing to serve as Section Editor- Earth System Science

Lecturing in different institutions ( Geology Department ,Pondicherry University, Department of Earth Sciences, Indian Institute Science, Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology, Department of Post Graduate Studies in Geology, Mysore University, Department of Geology, Banaras Hindu University, Indian school of Mines , Dhanbad, And Mangalore University.

Providing field training to Summer Fellows of the three Academy of Science.

Academic and Professional standing
  1. Fellow of the Indian Academy of Sciences (F.A.Sc.), Elected 1992.
  2. Fellow of the Indian National Science Academy ( F.N.A.), Elected 1996.
  3. Fellow of the National Academy of Sciences of India, (F.N.A.Sc.,), Elected 1998.
  4. Fellow of the Geological Society of India.
  5. Chief Editor, Current Science (till Jan 2018)
  6. Editor, earth System Sciences in Current Science (at present)
  7. Earlier Fellow Mineralogical Society of India.
  8. Earlier Member, International Association of Sedimentologists.
  9. Awardee The Geological Society of India M.Ramakrishnan Gold Medal for significant contribution to Precambrian Geology of India., 2017
  10. Member, national Geoscience Awards Committee 2017-2019
Researches on Aravalli Group

A comparative study of geochemistry of Archaean and Proterozoic rocks was undertaken while supervising the Ph.D work of Dr. B. Sreenivas. In this study it was shown that there is no significant change in the abundance of transitional group elements across the Archean- Proterozoic boundary. There is an alumina enriched paleosol at the base of Arvalli Supergroup, which indicates weathering under reducing conditions prior to the deposition of Aravalli Supergroup. The study of carbonates from Ghasiar area brought out the first evidence heavy δ 13C excursion in the carbonates immediately overlying the Jhamarkotra stromatolitic dolomite horizon.

Researches on Cuddapah

Pb-Pb isotopic dating of Vempalli domites was reported at 1756±29Ma ( With Zacharia, Gopalan and Bhaskar Rao)

Research on Kaladgi

Supervising post- doctoral research work of Dr. Sambasiva Rao, detailed geochemical study of shales from different stratigraphic horizons of the Kaladgi Supergroup was undertaken. It was found that the lower Kaladgi shales are richer in transition group elements and depleted in Zr, while the upper shales are enriched in Zr and depleted in Fe, Mg, Mn, Cr and Ni. The stripping of the Dharwar supracrustal cover and exposure of the basement granitoids could be demonstrated through this study.

Researches on Deccan Trap

Srinivasan discovered new phreatomagmatic eruptive centres southeast of Jabalpur. In a detailed study of the minerals present in the amygdales of Deccan traps, with Dr. Parthasarathy, he found saponite clay which was capable of removing hexavalent chromium from polluted waters. He also found a new phase of Si – moganite in the amygdales.


Srinivasan was a geological consultant also. Some important investigations carried out during that period are given below.

Srinivasan along with Dr. B.L. Sreenivas interpreted the satellite imagery of the Dharwar craton and produced the first lineament map of Karnataka. This map was used to explore for ground water in difficult hard rock areas of Karnataka under the Ganga Kalyana scheme of the Government of Karnataka and many successful bore wells were got drilled on productive lineaments. Significant among them are the wells near Chiknaikanhalli and Gauribidanur which supported water supply for a while.

Combining the tracing of lineaments from LANDSAT imagery, geological mapping on large scale and geophysical studies (electrical resistivity), he identified weak zones along tunnel alignments of irrigation tunnels ( Bagur-Navile, Arkalgud, Kadabgatti etc) which saved heavy costs on drilling and provided useful guidelines for tunneling.

Srinivasan proved several million cubic metres of puddle clay and filter material through soil mechanics studies in collaboration with Build Met Pvt.Ltd for the construction of the Lakya Dam (tailing dam) of the Kudremukh iron ore project.

From a detailed study of Atterberg limits and green strength of the clays, Srinivasan showed the feasibility of use of clays from the upper layers in Bageshpur area of Hassan for making stoneware pipes. A factory based on this was set up by Mysore Minerals Ltd., which ran for more than a decade.

Srinivasan demarcated abrasive grade bauxites amidst metallurgical grade bauxites from Baindur plateau, Karnataka in a study for Carborundum Universal Ltd.

He along with Dr. B.L. Sreenivas and Mr. R.H. Sowkar (then with the Mysore Minerals Ltd., ) estimated the manganese resources that would get submerged by the Supa Reservoir of the Kali Nadi hydroelectric Project of Karnataka. The report formed the basis for marketing of manganese ore by Mysore Minerals Ltd. to M/S Marubeni Corporation, Japan.

As a consultant to Geomysore India Pvt.Ltd, he wrote more than 100 exploration reports along with Dr. V.N. Vasudev on gold exploration in Karnataka and Andhra, Pb-Zn in Maharashtra, Gold and nickel in Madhya Pradesh. These preliminary exploration reports have led to maturation of projects for obtaining mining licenses for gold so far in Ganajur in Karnataka and Jonnagiri in Andhra Pradesh.

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